[wpspoiler name="1. What is plaque?" style="wpui-green"]Plaque is a soft sticky substance caused by bacteria and food. It forms on your teeth and causes a furry feeling. It can build up in between teeth and at the gum line and turns into calculus (or tartar) if left for long enough.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="2. Why is plaque bad for my teeth?" style="wpui-green"]When you eat the bacteria in plaque eat too! The plaque bacteria then produce acids which can dissolve the minerals which make up the tooth and result in a hole or cavity. This process is called decay.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="3. Why is plaque bad for my gums?" style="wpui-green"]The acids produced by plaque not only damage the teeth but also damage the structures that hold the teeth within the jaw.
[wpspoiler name="Bitten Lip or Tongue" style="wpui-green"]Clean the area gently with a cloth and apply cold compresses to reduce any swelling. If the bleeding does not stop, go to a hospital emergency room immediately.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="Broken Tooth" style="wpui-green"]Rinse your mouth with warm water to clean the area. Use cold compresses on the area to keep any swelling down. Call your dentist immediately.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="Jaw-Possibly Broken" style="wpui-green"]Apply cold compresses to control swelling. Go to your dentist or a hospital emergency department immediately.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="Management of Knocked Out Permanent Tooth" style="wpui-green"]
- If your permanent tooth is accidentally knocked out due to trauma or sport injury, do not panic. Prompt and effective management of the avulsed tooth within the first 20 to 40 minutes can save the tooth.Here are some simple measures that you can do:
- If the tooth is dirty or contaminated, gently rinse the tooth under running tap water. Do not scrub or brush the root surface as it may have living peridontal fiber and cells. Hold the tooth crown while rinsing.
- After cleaning the tooth and your mouth, try to re-plant (insert) the tooth into its socket again.
- If it is not possible to re-plant the tooth back into its socket on the spot, place the tooth in milk, saline or water. Alternatively, you can bathe the tooth with your own saliva by placing it on the inner side of your cheek.
- See a dentist immediately for emergency treatment.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="Objects Caught Between Teeth" style="wpui-green"]Try to gently remove the object with dental floss; avoid cutting the gums. Never use a sharp instrument to remove any object that is stuck between your teeth. If you can not dislodge the object using dental floss, contact your dentist.
[/wpspoiler][wpspoiler name="Toothache" style="wpui-green"]Rinse your mouth with warm water to clean it out. Gently use dental floss or an interdental cleaner to ensure that there is no food or other debris caught between the teeth. Never put aspirin or any other painkiller against the gums near the aching tooth because it may burn the gum tissue. If the pain persists, contact your dentist.