Periodontics (Gum Disease)

25 August 2013
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Periodontics (Gum Disease)

Periodontics deals with the diagnosis, prevention and control of periodontal diseases or gum diseases. Our periodontics services include

  • Supervised oral hygiene methods
  • Non surgical and surgical scaling
  • Root planing to achieve a healthy oral environment conducive for the retention of teeth, implants and dental prosthesis such as dentures, crowns and bridges.

Periodontics is the comprehensive management of diseases or conditions affecting the gum and supporting tissues. The unit’s therapeutic objectives are to control and eliminate disease, maintain health and restore form, function and aesthetics to supporting tissues around teeth or dental implants. Treatment modalities encompass surgical and non-surgical therapy.

  • Implants
  • Management of oral mucosal diseases
  • Management of periodontal complications of medical conditions
  • Non-surgical periodontics therapy
  • Peri-implant surgical procedures
  • Periodontal plastic surgery

Aesthetic periodontal surgery

  • Crown lengthening
  • Crown exposure
  • Ridge augmentation
  • Soft tissue grafting

Surgical periodontal therapy

  • Open flap debridement
  • Regenerative procedures
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GUM INFECTION

Gum infection, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

Gum infection, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Gum infection,also known as periodontal infection, is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. It can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria and the products produced in plaque, which is the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on the teeth, cause the gums to become irritated and inflamed.
While the main cause of gum infection is bacterial plaque, other factors can also affect the health of your gums. Tobacco use may be one of the most significant risk factors in the development and progression of gum infection. Recent studies indicate that lifestyle factors like smoking, lack of sleep and psychological factors such as stress, distress, anxiety, depression are significant risk factors in the development and progression of gum infections. In addition, stress can make it more difficult for the body to fight off the infections.
Other risk factors such as genetics, poor nutrition, clenching or grinding of teeth, pregnant status, systemic illness with an increased inflammatory component (e.g. cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, diabetes, auto-immune disorders), may contribute to aggravation of gum infection.In the earliest form of gum infection, known as gingivitis, the gums redden, swell and bleed easily on brushing .Usually there is little or no discomfort and it often goes unnoticed until the dentist highlights it to the patient. This stage of gum infection is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene and is easily reversed with professional treatment and guided oral home care.Untreated gum infection can advance to periodontitis which involves the destruction of the connective tissue, ligaments and bone surrounding the teeth. This results in the creation of more gaps between the teeth and consequent complaints of food trapping after eating, increased mobility of the teeth, recurrent gum boils and pain as the gum tissues and bone are destroyed. Eventually, teeth can fall off on their own! It is wise not to ignore any signs and symptoms the gums have been giving you all along. Schedule a visit to the dentist to assess the status of the supporting tissues of your teeth to ensure you continue to have your own teeth to serve you.

“These photos showing gum infection or diseases are provided by Dr Yap Kin Wai, a dental surgeon of Q & M Dental Group.”

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